In 2012, 78 500 immigrations and 31 200 emigrations to Norway were registered. Both of these figures were slightly lower than in 2011, according to Statistics Norway.
A total of 45 400 Europeans with citizenship other than Norwegian immigrated, and as has been typical in recent years, Polish citizens made up the largest group, with 11 500; down 1 400 from the previous year. Lithuanian citizens surpassed Swedish citizens in the number of migrations to Norway, and this was the second largest group with 6 600; 1 100 fewer than the previous year. The reduction in the Swedish migration to Norway was far larger, 2 500, and they therefore constituted the third largest group.
Immigration by citizens from countries in Southern Europe with economic problems, such as Spain, Portugal, Greece and Italy, increased by 35 per cent from 2011 to 2012 and reached 2 900, but the numbers are still not high.
Immigration by citizens from the three refugee countries Somalia, Eritrea and Afghanistan increased from 4 800 in 2011 to 7 200 in 2012. The increase was particularly big among Somali citizens; more than doubling from 2011 to 2012, from 1 700 to 3 600.